Tuesday, March 20, 2018

The Carmel String Quartet presents its views on Bartok's String Quartet No.5 and Beethoven's String Quartet in F-major op.135

Yoel Greenberg,Rachel Ringelstein,Tami Waterman,Tali Goldberg(Shuli Waterman)

“Noble Savages” was the somewhat enigmatic title given to the Carmel Quartet’s recent concert of the Strings and More series. This writer attended the concert at the Jerusalem Music Centre, Mishkenot Sha’ananim, Jerusalem, on March 12th 2018, in which explanations and readings were given in English. Directed by violist Yoel Greenberg, the series adds lively discussion as to the music played, with all members of the quartet taking part in that aspect of the event. Artists taking part were violinists Rachel Ringelstein (1st violin) and Tali Goldberg, Yoel Greenberg-viola and Tami Waterman-’cello.


In his humorous and lively manner, Dr Yoel Greenberg opened the evening with a quiz. Audience members were asked to identify from what period various snippets of music came. This turned out to be no easy task! All the examples were taken from Bela Bartok’s String Quartet No.5 and Ludwig van Beethoven’s String Quartet in F-major op.135. The first half of the evening would focus on the 1934 Bartok quartet. Greenberg spoke of Bartok’s Hungarian identity, his research into folk music (not just of his native Hungary) and his search to find natural sound, free of “Romantic grandiloquence”. Bartok’s fifth quartet brims with folk influence, one outstanding example being the asymmetrical Bulgarian dance of the third movement. Greenberg spoke of the work’s symmetrical arc structure and of two other visual/sound associations with which Bartok was fascinated - that of insects and of the sounds of night. The combination of the above-mentioned elements is what caused Bartok’s music to have both objective and subjective aspects. The Carmel Quartet’s performance of the highly virtuosic work was incisive and uncompromising, yet addressing its moments of empathy, the mystery of the world of insects and the composer’s strangely humorous removal of a folk song from its own tonality (2nd movement), the compound rhythm of the Bulgarian peasant dance (3rd movement) followed by the delicate, desolate otherworldly 4th movement, to return to the driven, acerbic, intensive effect on reaching the 5th movement. The artists presented the composer’s world of strange effects - of hisses, sighs, drones and pulses – existing together with classical forms on one musically rich and complex canvas, both shimmering and acerbic, yet always articulate, profound and sincere.


In reverse chronological order, Beethoven’s String Quartet in F-major op.135 occupied the second part of the program. Beethoven’s last complete work, composed in October 1826, written only a few months before his death in March 1827, this quartet differs from the monumental, soul-searching and sprawling late quartets (and piano sonatas). Beethoven’s personal life had descended into swirling chaos; he himself wrote much about his own suffering. This work, however, with its airy, transparent texture, its smaller proportions and playful nature, seems enigmatically removed from the struggle and suffering expressed in the above-mentioned late works. But it does ask questions, namely in the final movement bearing Beethoven’s strange inscription “Der schwer gefasste  Entschluss” (The Difficult Resolution) and on whose manuscript he asks “Muss es sein?” (Must it be?), later to answer in the affirmative. Greenberg spoke of Beethoven’s humour, his liking for puns, the work’s multiplicity of unconnected themes and the fact that, for the composer, there was little distance between comedy and seriousness. In the first movement, one as spare in texture as any quartet movement Beethoven had ever written, the Carmel players, in fine communication with each other, focused on objective playing and beautiful melodic shaping. They displayed the Vivace (2nd) movement’s humour in its “uncoordinated”, bumptious utterances and eruptive fortissimo section, to be followed by the profound, soul-searching character of the third movement, referred to by Greenberg as “one of Beethoven’s most moving”, as the instruments’ lower registers presented its theme. Then to the final movement, with Beethoven’s questions, its teasing playfulness alternating with anguished sounds. Yoel Greenberg suggested that Beethoven’s dilemma was to do with the complications of writing a string quartet. In a letter to his publisher, Beethoven wrote: “Here, my dear friend, is my last quartet. It will be the last; and indeed, it has given me much trouble. For I could not bring myself to compose the last movement. But as your letters were reminding me of it, in the end I decided to compose it. And that is the reason why I have written the motto: “The difficult resolution–Must it be? It must be, it must be!” A black sheep among Beethoven’s late repertoire, this was certainly a very curious and interesting work to discuss and present at the Carmel Quartet’s Strings and More series. As to its moods and gestures, Yoel Greenberg summed up his own thoughts with “we can never be sure which Beethoven we are looking at”.


Saturday, March 10, 2018

Di Tsaytmashin performs Yiddish Baroque Music in Jerusalem

Photo: Dani Machlis

Yiddish Baroque music is not a genre one is likely to come across very often. It was curiosity that motivated this writer to attend a concert of an ensemble calling itself “Di Tsaytmashin” (The Time Machine) at Beit Hagat, a venue well hidden away in the tranquil, narrow streets of Jerusalem’s magical Ein Kerem village, on March 7th 2018. Beit Hagat (a historic building housing an old olive press) is an informal venue hosting workshops in various fields, lectures, regular classes, concerts, theater and performance events, jam sessions, film showings and more. It  provides a space to encourage joint and independent creation and for cultural and religious dialogue.The event was the official Israeli launch of Di Tsaytmashin’s CD “Yiddish Baroque Music - from the Book of the Rejoicing Soul”. Members of the ensemble are  Avishai Aleksander Fisz-vocals,  Bari Moscovitz-theorbo, lute, Ayela Seidelman-’cello, Daniel Hoffman-violin, Adi Silberberg-recorders and Oren Fried-percussion.


“Seyfer Simkhes Haneyfesh” (The Book of the Rejoicing Soul) is an ancient book of Yiddish songs by Rabbi Elkhanan Kirchen, published in Germany some 300 years ago. Located in Oxford, UK, it has been studied in depth by Aleksander Fisz, who accompanied the evening with much information as to the songs, their musical styles, the texts themselves and the work undergone by him and his fellow musicians to decipher the notation and arrange the music in an acceptably authentic manner. Fisz is well familiar with the language used - West Yiddish - the language spoken by Jews in western- and central Europe at the beginning of the 18th century. He mentioned the various curious forms of notation found in the book, in his opinion, probably due to the copyist being more well-meaning than professional.  The songs are long, some having 20 or 30 verses, meaning that each is rich in information and they are written in skillful rhyme; despite the complexity of some of the melodies, they are morality songs to be sung in the Jewish home.


We heard the Di Tsaytmashin artists performing songs for various festivals. Woven through the songs’ Baroque-style European melodies were melodic motifs of Jewish music. A countertenor with access to the tenor and baritone range, Fisz’s presentation of each song is alive and articulate, also theatrical, and the arrangements allow for much individual solo expression on the part of each artist, for duet interaction and improvisation. In the song for Passover, for example, the text deals with practical details of the festival - the pre-Passover cleaning and even details regarding the baking of the unleavened bread and its enemies - mice, humidity, etc. The piece  begins with an embellished recorder solo melody (Silberberg), the melody then taken by the theorbo (Moscovitz) and followed by a ‘cello solo (Seidelman). The violin duets with the singer, after which the recorder interacts with Fisz. One of the most astounding pieces, indeed a whole small theatrical performance, is the song for New Year/Day of Atonement, a time whose main theme is the torture awaiting those who have sinned. The players set the scene of the Day of Reckoning with a ‘cello drone, a ghostly “screen” of mixed instrumental sound, a wailing sopranino recorder and a fateful slow drum beat (Fried). Fisz’s performance expresses frantic fear. Hoffman’s heart-rending violin solo is imbued with motifs of Jewish music. The piece’s major ending, however, reflects optimism, expressing the fact that whoever is devout will be saved. Fisz spoke of the book’s clumsy notation of the song for Purim. “Allow yourself the freedom to sing this song in Purim, when already drunk…” we read in the liner notes. The song’s ungainly notation seems to represent quarter tones in a piece imitating Turkish music and Fisz gives us a decidedly oriental interpretation of it as the instrumentalists let their hair down to evoke the jocular atmosphere of the traditional reading of the Book of Esther. We learn of another interesting ritual in a song to be sung to a bride as she is having her hair plaited: the wedding jester aims to make her cry as he tells her of the hardships of wedded life as a punishment for Eve’s deeds. Fisz gives a colorful rendering of the text as he enlists his large vocal range.


Avishai Aleksander Fisz is considered a leading authority in the field of Yiddish folk repertoire. Di Tsaytmashin was established by him in 2012 in order to perform the pieces from Kirchen’s fascinating and timeless “Book of the Rejoicing Soul”. The artists’ performance is informed, polished and entertaining, as it bristles with life and interest. The disc was recorded in 2014 for the Brilliant Classics label.



Monday, February 5, 2018

Violinist Grigory Kalinovsky and pianist Ron Regev perform sonatas of Mieczyslaw Weinberg at the Jerusalem Music Centre

Grigory Kalinovsky,Ron Regev (photo: Leonid Kriksunov)
In commemoration of International Holocaust Remembrance Day (January 27th), a concert at the Jerusalem Music Centre presented works for violin and piano by Mieczyslaw Weinberg on January 27th 2018. Three of Weinberg’s works were performed by violinist Grigory Kalinovsky (Russia/USA) and pianist Ron Regev (Israel). Introducing the event, musicologist Ms. Janna Menhel spoke in depth about the composer’s life, his work and times.

Mieczyslaw Weinberg was born in Warsaw in 1919 where his father worked as a composer and violinist in a travelling Jewish theater. The young Weinberg became a renowned pianist. From 1931 to 1941, he studied composition with Vasily Zolotaryov. In 1941, his entire family was burned alive by the Nazis. As a refugee, Vainberg fled first to Minsk and then, in advance of the invading Nazi armies, to Tashkent, where he engaged in theatrical- and operatic projects. There he met Solomon Michoils, whose daughter he married. Michoels, the most famous Jewish actor in the Soviet Union, was murdered on direct orders from Stalin, It was in Tashkent that Weinberg wrote his First Symphony, sending it to Shostakovich, the work making a favourable impression on the latter. The two became friends and colleagues, resulting in Weinberg’s settling in Moscow, where he remained for the rest of his life. Weinberg was arrested for Jewish bourgeois nationalism on the absurd charge of plotting to set up a Jewish republic in the Crimea and released only after Stalin’s death in 1953. He gradually built up a reputation as a composer and supported by many leading Soviet singers, instrumentalists and conductors.

Weinberg’s oeuvre covers many genres, from film and circus music to tragic grand opera, from simple melodies with easy accompaniments to complex twelve-tone music. Characterized by virtuosity and elegance, it displays elements of Jewish, Polish, Russian and Moldavian folk music; his personal style boasts almost classical architecture, dynamic, beauty and warmth and a forward-driving motion. His melodic language – at times introverted and meditative-reflective, at other times full of effervescent joy of living – is is one of contrasts, expressing both the lighter and darker sides of life. Janna Menhel mentioned that many of Weinberg’s works deal with war and suffering. Of his 26 symphonies, the last to be completed, Kaddish, is dedicated to the memory of the Jews who perished in the Warsaw Ghetto. Weinberg donated the manuscript to the Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, Israel’s official memorial to victims of the Holocaust. Weinberg spent his last days in bad health and afflicted by a deep depression occasioned by the wholesale neglect of his music – an unworthy end to a career the importance of which has yet to be recognised. Weinberg died in February 1996.

Mieczyslaw Weinberg composed eight works for violin and piano, three of which were performed at the Jerusalem concert. Perhaps not as central to his oeuvre as the symphonies or string quartets, the violin sonatas nevertheless trace the development of his own personal style. Performing one of the earlier ones, Sonata No.2 for violin and piano Op.15, Kalinovsky and Regev engaged in the work’s agenda, both musical and emotional, evoking the 25-year-old composer’s broad soundscape of grim and ironic elements with large forte utterances, temporarily relieved by calmer moments of contemplation. .Dedicated to Soviet composer Boris Tchaikovsky (no relation to Pyotr Tchaikovsky) the Sonatina for violin and piano Op.46 (1949) opened in a flowing Romantic manner, with interest created by the different agendas of both instruments in the first movement. The Lento movement, its somewhat disturbing modal themes suggesting folk themes, led into the intense, terse yet equally endearing Allegretto moderato. Different again in approach, Sonata No.5 Op.53, composed in 1953, opened with what might evoke a vast Russian soundscape, its more intense middle section inviting the return of the movement’s appealing, initial pensive mood. Kalinovsky and Regev’s playing of this sonata emphasized the composer’s brilliant writing for both instruments, its rich palette of contrasts including the excitement and demonic sections of the 2nd movement (Allegro molto), the hesitating, spontaneous gestures in the 4th movement and, above all, how Weinberg approached each instrument as a soloist.

Weinberg is slowly being recognized as a 20th century genius, a figure of great significance of post-modern classical music. Janna Menhel saw the Jerusalem event as a step towards raising awareness to Weinberg’s music in Israel and bringing his hundreds of works back to concert halls. The audience, mostly consisting of people from the former Soviet Union, appreciated the artists’ profound performance of the works. One of the greatest violinists of his generation, Grigory Kalinovsky recently recorded all Mieczyslaw Weinberg’s sonatas for violin and piano with Tatiana Goncharova for the Naxos label. International artist and chairman of the Jerusalem Academy of Music’s Keyboard Department, Dr. Ron Regev prtnered Kalinovsky splendidly in this important repertoire.

Friday, February 2, 2018

Ensemble Barrocade and guests in "El fuego del amor" - Baroque and Latin-American music

Soprano Daniela Skorka (photo: Nira Yogev)
“El fuego del amor” (The Fire of Love) Ensemble Barrocade’s recent concert, created a meeting point for Baroque- and folk music. Soloists were soprano Daniela Skorka, countertenor Yaniv D’Or, mandolin players Jacob Reuven and Mari Carmen Simon (Duo 16 Strings), harpsichordist Yizhar Karshon and two members of Ensamble Folklorico Latinoamericano - Claudio Cohen Tarica and Natan Furmansky.This writer attended the concert on January 27th 2018 at the Kiryat Yearim Church, Abu Gosh.

The program offered great variety. In his performance of Alessandro Grandi’s monodic “O quam tu pulchra es” (Song of Songs), Yaniv D’Or gave subtle expression with tasteful ornamentation to the changes within the text. His exuberant reading of Vincenzo Calestani’s lighthearted amorous “Damigella tutta bella”, with its stirring ritornellos, was given solid instrumental support...a nice recorder solo, too on the part of Adi Silberberg, whose soloing and improvisations featured throughout the concert.
‘Maiden, all-beautiful, pour, O pour out that sweet wine; make fall the dew distilled from rubies.
I have in my breast an evil poison deeply emplaced by Love; but I would cast it out and leave it immersed in these depths.
Maiden, all-beautiful, with that wine you do not satisfy me; make fall that dew distilled from topaz.
This new flame burning me more, may it burn my heart anew; If my life is not consumed, I will count it (my good fortune).’
Countertenor Yaniv D'Or (photo: Nira Yogev)
The vocal centrepiece of the first half of the program was another secular work - G.F.Handel’s chamber cantata “Tra le Fiamme”, probably composed in 1708. The dramatic story of Icarus flying with the wings of feathers and wax his father Daedalus had made him and approaching too near the sun for his own good, is an allegory of a man lured by love, deceived by a pretty face and flying “among the flames”. Daniela Skorka addressed and involved the audience as she sang with great naturalness and beauty of timbre, weaving the colorful text, blending with the players, hanging onto the occasional dissonance just that moment longer and showing the course of events as they spiralled into the final  frenetic aria with its busy passagework. The work offers an effective variety of instrumentation and a prominent part to the viola da gamba (Amit Tiefenbrunn). The scaled-down scoring  in recitatives created a sense of intimacy. Threaded in between the vocal works were some fine instrumental pieces - the well-travelled Florence-born lutenist/composer Carlo Arrigoni’s courtly Sonata for two mandolins and basso continuo (Mari Carmen Simon, Jacob Reuven) and Portuguese composer and keyboard virtuoso Carlos Seixas’ Harpsichord Concerto in A-major. Seixas's music, influenced by the German Empfindsamer Stil,  belongs to the transitional period between Baroque and Classical music and showcases a range of musical styles. Displaying Seixas’ idiomatic vocal-like melodies blending into quasi-contrapuntal lines and simple block harmonies, Yizhar Karshon’s playing was alive and skillfully ornamented, displaying a work well written for the harpsichord. And a work probably more familiar to the Baroque music crowd - Tarquinio Merula’s Ciaconna for two violins and basso continuo - with violinists Shlomit Sivan and Dafna Ravid playing out Merula’s entertaining and animated dialogue against a short ground.

The second half of the program took on a Latin-American flavour. For this, the Barrocade instrumentalists were joined by Claudio Cohen Tarika and Natan Furmanski, two members of Ensamble Folklorico Latinoamericano an Israeli-based ensemble specializing in traditional music, in particular from Argentina and the Andes region. Natan Furmanski is the group’s musical director. Italian composer/lutenist Andrea Falconieri was not from those regions, but his “Folias”, published in 1650, preceded many later versions of the later Folias in its radical changes, chromaticism, variety and use of the “wandering variation” (as pioneered by Monteverdi). The work honours a lady of the Spanish nobility. The present performance gave the stage to several of the players soloing or dueting, as the varied scoring and combinations offered much joy in an abundance of timbres. The program went on to offer several examples of the unabashedly sentimental and nostalgic Latin song repertoire, beginning with Yaniv D’Or’s spirited and spontaneous singing of “Marizápalos” an amusing and coarse anecdote about the actress María 'Marizapalos' Calderón, the Spanish Nell Gwyn and King Philip IV's mistress, the tale punctuated by sighs sung by the players. Clearly familiar with this genre (her parents come from Uruguay) Daniela Skorka’s performance of a selection of Latin-American songs was appealing, touching and communicative, as she expressed their heart-on-sleeve sentiments with as much charm as polish. Adding authentic sounds to the atmosphere was the two versatile Ensamble Folklorico artists’ tasteful and delicate playing on a number of indigenous instruments - accordion, guitar and several percussion instruments. Ástor Piazzolla’s “Libertango” (1974) never fails to please, but Barrocade’s rendition was indeed a celebration of the blending of instrumental timbres, of spontaneity and solos. A special feature of this concert was the substantial and hearty soundscape created by the solid group of plucked instruments - mandolins, guitars, theorbo - and the opportunity to hear so many of the players solo and improvise. We were sent off home with a familiar melody played on the Andean pan flute, its otherworldly, mythical sounds transporting us to vast, faraway vistas.

Ensamble Folklirico Latinoamericano (Nira Yogev)

Monday, January 22, 2018

The Jerusalem Baroque Orchestra and keyboard specialist Gili Loftus perform Mozart and C.P.E.Bach on period instruments

Gili Loftus (Maria Rosenblatt)
“CEMBALO COL PIANO E FORTE”, the Jerusalem Baroque Orchestra’s third concert of the 2017-2018 season, offered audiences a very different program to its usual repertoire. Marking 230 years of Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach’s death, the concert presented works of C.P.E.Bach, J.S.Bach’s fifth- and second (surviving) son together with works of his contemporary, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Guest artist Gili Loftus soloed on the fortepiano. JBO founder and director conducted the orchestra and soloed on the harpsichord. This writer attended the concert in the Mary Nathaniel Golden Hall of Friendship of the Jerusalem International YMCA on January 17th, 2018.

One could say that this program focused on Classical repertoire as played on authentic instruments, music of a time when  the harpsichord and the fortepiano were both still in use. It also focused on two unique musical personalities. Opening  with a genre particular to C.P.E.Bach, we heard Prof. Shemer and the orchestra in the Sonatina in D-minor for harpsichord, two flutes, viola and ’cello Wq 107. Carl Philipp’s twelve sonatinas for one or two keyboards and orchestra constitute a distinct segment of his oeuvre, existing somewhere between chamber and orchestral music and between the suite and the concerto. Written in rapid succession in the years 1762–64, near the end of the composer’s time in Berlin in the employ of Frederick the Great, they are all scored for keyboard, two flutes, and four-part strings; the keyboard parts are entirely written out and largely double the accompanying parts.There are no exact parallels to these sonatinas among the works of earlier composers in Berlin or in North Germany generally; so, we take it that this genre was Carl Philipp Emanuel’s own creation. His incorporation of music composed for amateur circles and the stylistic accessibility of the sonatinas are indications that, at least initially, he intended them for a broader musical public. The JBO players presented the sonatina’s refined, undramatic but charming  writing, with its directness of octave playing and a myriad of small comments punctuating the tutti, some woven in  by the flutes (Idit Shemer, Geneviève Blanchard). In a genre not professing to be  a concerto, Bach invites his keyboard player to multi-task: at the harpsichord, David Shemer (in addition to conducting) both soloed and accompanied, introducing thematic material and adding small solo comments, also some more virtuosic material, the latter showing how pianistic Carl Philipp’s writing was becoming.

Including C.P.E.Bach and Mozart in one program had its reasons. It was  C.P.E.’s playing, compositions and writings that led Mozart to comment on his pervasive influence: “He is the father, we are the children. Those of us who know anything at all learned it from him; anyone who does not admit this is a scoundrel.” Gili Loftus, whose focus is exploring the different sound worlds of the piano, fortepiano and harpsichord, soloed in W.A.Mozart’s Concerto in C-major for piano and orchestra K.415. The JBO’s audiences were in for a new experience - hearing the fortepiano as soloist, recreating the sound world that would have been closest to Mozart’s own. Completed early 1783, the K.415 is the third of the early Vienna concertos and  it is considered the most brilliant of the three. A major factor in Mozart’s initial success in Vienna was the concerts he put on with himself as soloist, with the Piano Concerto No. 13 in C major being one of them. Regarding the JBO performance of it, one could mention the fanfare motives and bright textures in the tutti sections of the first movement, somewhat more evocative of a symphony or opera overture than of a concerto, the graceful pastorale-type middle movement and the final movement, a gigue in rondo form, its high-spirited character sharply contrasted by two plaintive Adagio episodes. But what especially stood out in this performance, even beyond the fortepianist’s articulacy, her crystal-clear fingerwork, her delightful lightness of touch, the dynamic variety she offered and her total technical competence, was her true understanding of Mozart himself. As she played out each gesture, the charming small rubati, as she spelled out each emotion, each small whimsical riposte, each surprise and good-natured wink-of-an-eye detail, she stood back to present Mozart the humanist, the joyful, fallible, devil-may-care genius whose contribution to music has been so great. If we consider Mozart’s aim of creating  "a happy medium between what is too easy and too difficult...pleasing to the ear, and natural, without being vapid." in his early Vienna concertos, Loftus’ performance was just that. It was exemplary.

Despite their late Köchel number,  Mozart’s Five Contredanses for Orchestra K.609 were probably among the first dances he composed following his appointment as Imperial Chamber Musician, writing  dance music for balls at the Redoutensaal, the famous ballroom in Vienna patronized by  Emperor Joseph II. Despite his lowly salary, how fitting it must have seemed to the composer to provide dance music for people of all ranks of society, their rank, however, protected by masks and Carnival costumes. Mozart himself was known to have been a skilful dancer. The K.609 Contredanses were  probably created for the 1791 carnival season, although in at least two cases they were based on earlier music (the first quotes the aria "Non più andrai" from Mozart's opera The Marriage of Figaro). They are of modest scoring, including drum, here offering violist Daniel Tanchelson a different orchestral role!  In a performance that was fresh, energetic and efervescent, the orchestra’s playing of the dances made for fine entertainment.

And to some house music...Mozart’s Andante and Variations in G-major K.501. By the time they were written (1786), the fortepiano would have been the norm, rather than the exception, in most venues and certainly in the home. The set is based on an unidentified theme, simple and folklike and was probably composed by Mozart himself; it falls into two parts, the second of which briefly enters the minor.  At the JBO concert, the work was played by Gili Loftus and David Shemer, this being Shemer’s first foray into the world of fortepiano. Following the subject, each variation teased the listener into engaging in its style and timbre, elaborate textures and bravura or simplicity, playfulness or pensiveness (Variation IV) as the banter of passagework was tossed from one player to the other.

Despite having lost many of his nearly 1000 compositions to the ravages of time, C.P.E. Bach’s surviving repertoire is an extraordinary demonstration of the confluence, contrasts and diversity of the pervading musical and cultural styles of his day. His quite remarkable Concerto in E flat for harpsichord and fortepiano, Wq. 47, scored for 2 horns, 2 flutes and strings in addition to the two keyboards, was composed in the last year of his life. It serves as a predominantly light-hearted but vivid summary of the CPE Bach keyboard legacy, with the sheer peculiarity of having the old harpsichord and its new-fangled replacement, the fortepiano, playing almost equal roles.  In playing that was fresh and appealing, Loftus and Shemer recreated Bach’s dialogue between the two instruments, as well as between  soloists and orchestra.. We heard some especially beautiful and lyrical flute writing (Idit Shemer, Geneviève Blanchard) interwoven with the solo keyboard lines throughout the first movement. Melodies subtly shifted from soloist to soloist, with moments of imitation prompting some intense and virtuosic interaction between them. In the tender, pared down Larghetto (2nd movement), it was astounding how the dynamically challenged harpsichord and the softer tone of the fortepiano blended and complemented each other, with the final Presto movement an unashamedly joyful game between the soloists, supported by some fine orchestral playing.

Despite the large proportions of the modern concert hall, it was enlightening to hear the natural elegance and balance offered by instruments of the Classical period. Of course, the experience could be further enhanced when attending the event in one of the sumptuous reception halls of Sanssouci, the summer palace of Frederick the Great  of Prussia, in Potsdam, near Berlin, a venue counted among the German rivals of Versailles. Next time...perhaps.


Sunday, January 7, 2018

"Maestro Elbaz's World of Wonders" - the Israel Netanya Kibbutz Orchestra hosts the Gilad Ephrat Ensemble

The Gilad Ephrat Ensemble (photo: Yoel Culiner)
The Israel Netanya Kibbutz Orchestra’s third concert of the 2017-2018 season - “Maestro Elbaz’s World of Wonders” - remained true to the current season’s “north-south-east-west” theme, as usual, also including Israeli content. The NKO hosted the Gilad Ephrat Ensemble (Gilad Ephrat-double bass,Keren Tannenbaum-violin/vocals, Hilla Epstein-’cello and Shmuel Elbaz-mandolin). Shmuel Elbaz, the orchestra’s house conductor directed the orchestra and played as a member of the quartet, also soloing on the mandolin. This writer attended the event in the Recanati Auditorium of the Tel Aviv Museum of Art on December 30th 2017.

The three works by European composers took the listener to different points of the compass, beginning with the Overture to French composer Adrien Boieldieu’s (1775-1834) opera “The Caliph of Baghdad”.(1800), eastern in subject matter, but definitely European in musical style, although Boieldieu’s vibrant use of percussion would have been an association or the orient for European audiences of that time. Charming and joyful, albeit conventional, the piece was good concert fare, setting the scene for an evening of genial music. Gioachino Rossini’s Overture to “The Italian Girl in Algiers” (South) (Rossini wrote the opera at age 21!)  was a fine opportunity to hear one of Rossini’s most sparkling overtures and some of the NKO’s finest players in solo moments, a substantial amount of the solo work was played by Hila Zabari-Peleg, the orchestra’s very fine 1st oboe. Taking us westwards, Jewish-Hungarian composer Leó Weiner’s (1885-1960)  “Three Hungarian Folk Dances” were originally written for piano solo. Arrangements for piano duet and for violin and piano exist. Shmuel Elbaz has arranged the work for mandolin and orchestra. Opening with the lively “Fox Dance”, Elbaz and his players present the vivacious dances, each from a different region of Hungary, with much zest and exuberance, With the wink of an eye, Maestro Elbaz challenges the audience to follow him through the whimsical rubato of the “Ronde from Marossék”, as he pulls out all the plugs in the virtuosic abandon of the “Peasants’ Dance”,  a type of fast Csárdás.

Following the above whirlwind world trip, the rest of the concert all comprised contemporary Israeli repertoire. Oded Zehavi (b.1961) composed his Fantasy for mandolin and orchestra (Concerto No.2) in 2017 for the Israel Netanya Kibbutz Orchestra. This concert was the work’s world premiere.  Prof. Zehavi’s program notes discuss where he stands as regards Israeli music and the elements that go to make up this work: modal patterns, sounds heard in music of this region and outside of it, rhythms taken from the debka and hora dances and the concept that a symphony orchestra can sound somewhat informal. Opening with a long oboe solo, the first movement, with its octave melodies and homophonic utterances, bristled with associations of Arabic music. The Andante (2nd movement), communicating a sense of well-being, took on a more western character, with the final Rondo allegro seeming to bring east and west together in a seamless, busy soundscape. The piece sits well on the mandolin, with Elbaz articulately addressing its challenges and fine details and the mandolin easily heard at all times. Oded Zehavi speaks to his listeners through sounds and gestures that are intelligible, accessible and indeed pleasurable and with which they can identify.

Continuing the NKO’s project of presenting short new works by students of both Jerusalem and Tel Aviv Academies of Music, we heard “The Sun Was Dark at Givon” by Naama Zafran (b.1988), a masters student of the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance. Composer, arranger, pianist and teacher, Zafran’s already comprehensive oeuvre includes chamber music, works for orchestra, for theatre, for video art and cinema. “The Sun Was Dark at Givon”, a program work set in 1207 B.C., describes a solar eclipse. “A solar eclipse is perhaps the most  spectacular natural event people will see”, writes the composer. “During the day, the sun is hidden by the moon, with the stars briefly seen in a sky illuminated with the pink light of dusk…” A mysterious violin melody leads the listener into Zafran’s rich, intense and dramatic musical canvas, wrought of maqam associations, but not just, of articulate melodic strands, energy and compelling orchestral writing.

For the rest of the program, the Gilad Ephrat Ensemble joined the Netanya Kibbutz Orchestra in a selection of Israeli and other numbers arranged by Eugene Levitas. The pieces featured the four ensemble members, with the NKO mostly joining them in tutti support. The quartet’s upbeat, polished and understated style and individual solo improvisations made for sophisticated performance, be it in the sultry, typically Spanish “Murcia”, “Iri-An” with its Irish motifs and pizzazz, Chick Corea’s bouncy, jazzy “Sea Journey” or Ephrat’s “Stockholm”, (dedicated to the NKO’s musical director Maestro Christian Lindberg) the latter weaving folk-like motifs with jazzy sounds. In Moshe Vilensky’s “Lighthouse” and the caressing, nostalgic “Song of the Valley” (Marc Lavry/Rafael Eliaz), Keren Tannenbaum’s low-key singing and more folklike use of the violin added spontaneity to the performance. Established by composer and double bass player Gilad Ephrat, the ensemble’s virtuosic artists perform music of a style that brings together jazz, classical music,ethnic- and Israeli music. The ensemble recently returned from a concert tour of Brazil and South Korea.

The Israel Netanya Kibbutz Orchestra goes for different and daring programming, with Israeli music always high up in its priorities. It is much to the NKO’s credit that its audiences are curious and open to new ideas. And they were kept on their toes at this unusual concert, examining and enjoying the less familiar, the surprises and the challenges of the program. Maestro Elbaz presented his wonders in high-standard, polished performance.



Sunday, December 31, 2017

The Jerusalem Opera and guests perform Mozart's "Magic Flute"

Photo: Elad Zagman

The Jerusalem Opera is a non-profit association, debuting  with a Gala Event in  2012 and performing  "Don Giovanni", its first fully staged opera in 2013 at the Citadel of David. The Jerusalem Opera presents a full-scale opera production annually. The company’s present production of Mozart’s “Magic Flute” was performed both in Jerusalem and Ashdod. Directed and conducted by Omer Arieli, stage director was Monica L. Waitzfelder, assistant stage director - Ari Teperberg. The Jerusalem Opera Choir and members of the Jerusalem Oratorio Chamber Choir (chorus master: Oded Shomrony) were joined by soloists and the Ashdod Symphony Orchestra (concertmaster: Bella Portnov). This writer attended the performance on December 28th 2017 in the Sherover Hall of the Jerusalem Theatre.


When viewing this enchanting opera, in all its originality and splendid music, it is difficult to imagine how difficult Mozart’s life was at the time of the work’s genesis. Mozart had fallen on hard times: 1790 was a hard year, with the composer’s constant concern over money and his wife Constanze’s health, not to speak of his own feeling of not being fully appreciated. With no official commissions, the situation looked increasingly dire. His old friend, actor, singer and poet Emanuel Schikaneder came up with a suggestion - a play about magic, a subject that was all the rage in Vienna! And so it came about that “The Magic Flute”, their joint work, despite needing some time to be fully appreciated in all its depth, became one of the most popular and most performed operas in history. Whimsical and entertaining as it may be, with its motley collection of rustic and fantastical characters, the work expounds some deep convictions, with the triumph of good over evil and the serious scenes of the choir of priests – reminiscent of a gathering of freemasons –  the work is deeply imbued with humanistic idealism.

Monica Waitzfelder’s stage direction kept all the latter in mind as the cast and the very many people behind the scenes and in the orchestra pit recreated a world of beauty, magic and naivety (infused with some negative elements). There was much fantasy in the pastel-hued stage sets, lit by lanterns and populated by animals, large, lifelike puppets and some quirky costumes, such as those of the three Ladies, charmingly portrayed by Mima Millo, Noa Hope and Anna Peshes. One could say that, with simple means, the visuals of the production were attractive. There was a line-up of excellent singers - soprano Na’ama Shulman as an empathic, appealing and convincing Pamina, bass Denis Sedov as an imposing Sarastro and soprano Ayelet Kagan playing the part of Papagena with youthful charm. Tenor Semjon Bulinsky (Switzerland), in his debut with the Jerusalem Opera, played a steadfast, energetic Tamino. As Monostatos, tenor Jean-Christophe Born (France), a supple, limber artist, is portrayed as a lovable, buffoon-like fellow (a far cry from the original racist view of a black man who is not to be trusted). In love with Pamina, he is the typical loser, and more the pity!
'Everyone feels the joys of love,
Bill and coo, flirt, snuggle, and kiss,
And I am supposed to avoid love,
Because a Black is ugly,
Because a Black is ugly.
Have I, then, been given no heart?
I am also fond of girls,
I am also fond of girls,
Always to live without a woman
Would truly be the blaze of hell,
Would truly be the blaze of hell…’

Hungarian soprano Viktoria Varga made for a splendid Queen of the Night, her creamy coloratura voice soaring up and through the vocal registers with ease, certainly delighting the audience. As Papageno (originally played by Schikaneder himself!), baritone Samuel Berlad (entering the stage on a scooter!) shone, giving life, warmth and sincerity to the role of the clumsy, comical but amiable coward, his rich voice and fine German taking him through the feathered person’s naive gaffes to finally team up with his Papagena. The chorus, robed in gold, presented well-balanced and polished performance, with the Ashdod Orchestra offering fine musical support. .

One problem of staging “The Magic Flute” in Israel is the text’s large quantity of spoken German, quite a challenge to Hebrew speakers. Spoken sections were certainly articulate, but some of them sounded stilted and Teutonic. A huge undertaking, involving a host of dedicated people on stage and off., the Jerusalem Opera’s performance of “The Magic Flute” presented the opera’s marvellous music and fairy tale world in a most delightful manner.